Public participation in the market has been greatly facilitated by mutual funds, which collect money from individuals and invest it on their behalf in varied portfolios of stocks. Mutual funds enable small investors, who may not feel qualified or have the time to choose among thousands of individual stocks, to have their money invested by professionals. And because mutual funds hold diversified groups of stocks, they shelter investors somewhat from the sharp swings that can occur in the value of individual shares.
There are dozens of kinds of mutual funds, each designed to meet the needs and preferences of different kinds of investors. Some funds seek to realize current income, while others aim for long-term capital appreciation. Some invest conservatively, while others take bigger chances in hopes of realizing greater gains.
Attracted by healthy returns and the wide array of choices, Indians invested substantial sums in mutual funds in last one decade, but it is still too low if compared with developed countries.
We believe this is the decade of India in terms of Equity investments. For developed countries like US and Japan, old investors have already experienced the full decade of bull run but for country like India it has yet to come.